MOBILIZER RESEARCH METHODS
Getting Preliminary Community Data
by Phil Bartle, PhD
How to Find Out Entry Information
Before you call a public meeting or appear before council in a public situation, you need to know several things about the community. See Research Questions.
This document suggests various ways to obtain information. It is a bit of a paradox that some times even asking questions can result in your breaking local prohibitions, but you need the answers to avoid breaking local prohibitions. By moving carefully, remembering that you have twice as many ears as mouths, you can map out what behaviour is acceptable, and take appropriate action. The following are a set of approaches you can adopt.
Try to meet people who are familiar with the community, first those who are living outside the community, later those who may be living there. These include teachers, church, temple or mosque leaders, regional or district governmental officials, extension (health, agriculture) agents who visit the community. Any of these might direct you to a person who has more intimate knowledge of the community and who can give you guidance about acceptable protocol for your finding out more.
Before people get to learn that you will visit a community, conduct a quick informal survey to determine critical information that will affect your planning for entry to that community. Engage in casual conversations to discover critical factors affecting community cooperation and organizing. Try to find out, in casual conversations and with a trusted informant, who the "hijacking politicians" are (those who will try to control things for their own benefit).
When you meet persons that you feel would be good leaders or organizers, ask them to point out similar minded persons. Ask about local protocol, for activities such as greetings, gifts, and praise.
These kinds of fact gathering can complement previous, orthodox research, such as looking at available census data, newspaper reports, library research and governmental publications. Later, you will guide the community members through Participatory Appraisal to assess current conditions, and the more you know about the community first, the better you will be able to do that.
In the Market Place:
© Copyright 1967, 1987, 2007 Phil Bartle