WEBER on CHANGE
by Phil Bartle, PhD
Weber wrote in response to Marx, with the intention of contradicting or reducing the materialist approach.
He saw that the major source of change was the rise of Protestantism, with its values and beliefs which contributed to the industrial revolution.
He argued that the new values of Protestantism, frugality, independent thinking and self reliance, were values and attitudes necessary for the creation and growth of capitalist thinking and for actions necessary for the industrial revolution.
He appropriately titled his book as: The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism.
From our vantage point a century later, we can see that these different approaches, of Marx and Weber, were not necessarily mutually exclusive, but could be complementary explanations.
See: Dead Sociologists Society.
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