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日本語 /   な
日本語 /   に
日本語 /   ぬ
日本語 /   ね
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Key words that begin with the letter N

by Phil Bartle



A natural science is an academic discipline with the purpose of understanding, predicting and explaining events in our natural environment.

Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Astronomy are all natural sciences. They use the Scientific Method to observe and analyse in order to build up a body of knowledge.

 Català: ciències naturals,    Deutsch: Wissenschaft, Naturwissenschaft,    Ελληνικά: φυσικεσ επιστημεσ,    English: natural science,    Español: ciencias naturales,    Français: la science naturelle,    Italiano: scienze naturali,    Português: ciências naturais,    Română: stiintele naturii,    Pyccкий: Естественные Науки, Наука    Srpski: prirodna nauka,    Türkçe: doga bilimi,    中文 (Zhōngwén): 自然科学



Networking is making friends and acquaintances outside one's daily circle of routine contacts. It is one of the sixteen elements of organizational and community capacity. Not only "what one knows" (know how) but also "who one knows" (know who) increases capacity (and finds jobs).

To what extent the members of the community, and their leaders, know people (and their agencies or organizations) that can provide useful resources to help empower the group or the community? The useful relationships, potential or existing are a resource that empowers.

Networking is one of the sixteen elements of strength, power or capacity of a community or organization. The size of a person's network is the number of contacts, friends or acquaintances that might be called upon to provide advice, support or information. What is the extent to which community members, especially leaders, know persons (and their agencies or organizations) who can provide useful resources that will strengthen the community as a whole?

See: Elements of Community Strength. The useful linkages, potential and realized, that exist within the community and with others outside it. The more effective the network, the stronger the community or organization. (Isolation produces weakness). When stimulating a community to organize and act, the mobilizer needs to be aware of the role of networking in empowering that community or organization.

 Català: contactes,    Deutsch: Netzwerke bilden,    Ελληνικά: δικτυωση,    English: networking,    Español: contactos,    Français: travail en réseau, réseau, établir des contacts,    Italiano: contatti,    Português: transmitindo em rede, networking,    Română: relationarea    Srpski: povezivanje,    Türkçe: ag kurmak,    中文 (Zhōngwén): 人际网络



Strictly speaking an NGO (Non Governmental Organization) is any organization that is not part of the governmental structure.

In common usage, however, the term NGO also implies that it is a charitable-type organization, which is not organized (like a commercial organization) to make a profit. They may be set up for any number of reasons, as marketing boards, lawyers' or other professional associations, service clubs, congregations, or youth groups. It is expected that an NGO, as well as having some paid staff, is composed of a larger, unpaid, voluntary membership and an elected unpaid board of directors. "Volag."

In the area of relief and development and international and national assistance, many suitcase" NGOs have been set up, mainly to provide work and income for the organizers. This is not a bad thing in itself, although they should more rightly be called "consultancies" or "contractors," because they do not have an unpaid voluntary membership and board. See Acronyms (NGO).



This is communication between persons that does not involve words. It uses gestures, space, silence, body position, and facial expressions. It can be conscious as in the American Sign Language used by deaf mute persons, or baseball catchers, or it can be unconscious where information is portrayed by a person through body language, yet that person is unaware of the information being sent

A good mobiliser ── when learning about a community ── learns how to "read" persons even when they are not talking, and learns how these non-verbal communications can vary between cultures.

 Català: interacció no verbal,    Deutsch: Interaktion,    Ελληνικά: μη λεκτικη επικοινωνια,    English: non verbal communication,    Español: interacción no verbal,    Français: l'interaction non-verbale,    Italiano: interazione non verbale,    Português: Interação não-verbal,    Română: interactiunea non-verbala,    Pyccкий: Невербальное Взаимодействие    Srpski: neverbalna interakcija,    Türkçe: sozsuz iletisim,    中文 (Zhōngwén): 非语言沟通

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Last update: 2015.10.06

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