BEYOND MONITORING; EVALUATION
by Phil Bartle, PhD
Evaluation differs from monitoring, but they are closely related
The Meaning of Evaluation:
Evaluation is a process of judging value on what a project or programme has achieved particularly in relation to activities planned and overall objectives. It involves value judgement and hence it is different from monitoring (which is observation and reporting of observations).
Purpose of Evaluation:
Evaluation is important to identify the constraints or bottlenecks that hinder the project in achieving its objectives. Solutions to the constraints can then be identified and implemented.
Evaluation also enables the project planners and implementers to assess the benefits and costs that accrue to the intended direct and indirect beneficiaries of the project. If the project implemented is, for example, the protection of a spring, evaluation highlights the benefits to the people who fetch and use water and the cost to the people whose land is wasted and whose crops are destroyed during the process of water collection.
Evaluation is essential for drawing lessons from the project implementation experience and using the lessons in the planning of other projects in that community and elsewhere.
Finally, evaluation should provide a clear picture of the extent to which the intended objectives of the activities and the project have been realized.
The Process of Evaluation:
Evaluation can and should be done: (a) before, (b) during, and (c) after implementation.
Before project implementation, evaluation is needed in order to:
During project implementation: Evaluation should be a continuous process and should take place in all project implementation activities. This enables the project planners and implementors to progressively review the project strategies according to the changing circumstances in order to attain the desired activity and project objectives.
After project implementation: This is to retrace the project planning and implementation process, and results after project implementation. This further helps in:
Reporting to the Community:
© Copyright 1967, 1987, 2007 Phil Bartle
Monitoring and Evaluation